Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marker A,B,C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on The Answer Sheet.(40 points)
Questions I to 5 are based on the following passage:
A U.N. report says water is in demand around the world as temperatures on Earth’s surface rise and demand grows along with populations. The report was released this week at the World Water Forum in Brasilia. The conference has been described as the world’s largest water-related event.
Federal District Governor Rodrigo Rollemberg spoke at a panel discussion on Tuesday at the forum. He described water shortages as a worldwide problem. “Here in Brasilia, it is no different,” he added.
The public water supply has less water because of low rainfall as well as fast and disorderly growth in Brasilia, which is part of the Federal District, Rollemberg said. In January 2016, after three years of little rain, district officials began limiting how much water people could use. The governments of the Federal District and the nearby state of Goias also gave $166 million to develop water infrastructure（基础设施）.
Demand around the world is expected to increase by nearly one-third by 2050. By then, 5 billion people could be left with poor access to water, the U.N. warned in its 2018 World Water Development Report. To avoid such a crisis, U.N. officials called for “nature-based solutions” that use or copy natural processes that should be used to increase water availability They said solutions could include changing farming methods so fields keep more moisture and nutrients, collecting rainwater, and protecting wetlands. The officials also proposed reestablishing floodplains and said that plants could be grown on housetops. Such proposals will become more important as water industries grow.
1. Who talked about water shortages in Brasilia at a panel discussion?
A. A journalist B. A.U.N. official
C. A Federal District official D. An official from the state of Goias.
2. What is among the reasons for less public water supply Brasilia?
A. Waste of rainwater B. Insufficient rainfall
C. Growing plants on the roofs D. Development in infrastructure
3. What did the Federal District government do to deal with water shortages?
A. They controlled population
B. They limited water consumption
C. They invested in artificial rainmaking
D. They suggested"nature-based solutions”
4. What is not a"nature-based solution"?
A. Gathering rainwater
B, Preserving wetlands
C. Sustaining water in soil
D. Building houses on floodplain.
5. What is the main idea of this passage?
Brasilia is facing the problem of water shortages
B. The world has found a solution to water shortages
C. The world is facing the problem of water shortages
D. A report was released at the World Water Forum in Brasilia.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
The Queen has only given one interview while a sovereign(君主). Her true personality remains elusive to the public. However, one thing is clear: Queen Elizabeth is an introvert.Introverts prefer quiet environments and feel
energized from spending time alone or with people they know well. They aren’t necessarily shy, but they do tend to be more reserved and guarded with strangers. Fellow introverts will appreciate how draining an average day for Her Majesty must be.
Fortunately, the Queen has some tricks to make public engagements easier. Just like us commoners rely on friends to save us from awkward situations or boring conversations, she subtly signals to her staff when she wants an intervention(介入）. If she places her handbag on the table, it indicates that she wants the event to end in the next five minutes. For more urgent situations, putting her bag on the floor shows that she wants her lady-in-waiting to rescue her immediately.
Most comfortable in the countryside, the Queen has a well-known passion for horses and dogs. There is a scene in the hit Netflix show The Crown which reveals a fascinating side of the monarch. While giving Jackie Kennedy a personal tour of Buckingham Palace, the two women find themselves bonding over their respective positions as introverted women who have found themselves in the limelight. Surrounded by the Queen’s beloved corgis, both women admit they are happiest around animals and that their extroverted sisters would have been much better suited to their public roles.
11. What was Walt Disney's first dream?
A. To build a theme park B. To draw a map on paper
C. To travel in a magical place D. To design a series of products
12. Before construction started, Walt Disney did the following things EXCEPT .
A.getting funding B. planning the park
C. drawing the park on paper D.daydreaming with a Friend
13. Which of the following park spots has not changed much since Walt's vision came to life on paper?
A. A Main Street area B. World of Tomorrow
C. Sleeping Beauty Castle D. True-Life Adventureland
14. How many name changes have been mentioned in this passage?
A. One B. Two C. Three D.Four
15. What is the theme of this passage?
A. A tour in Disneyland B. Walt Disney's life story
C. The future of Disneyland D.Walt Disney's First dream.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage
You’ve made it. You managed to navigate your way through the world’s largest airport you breezed through security and you successfully boarded the plane. Now you’re comfortable in your seat in the cabin, and there’s even a little bit it of elbow room, as the flight isn’t fully booked for once. With the hassle behind you, you settle in with your neck pillow, pop some Kenny G on your iPod, and get ready to spend quality time sleeping on a plane. And you’re abouto make a huge mistake that will put your health at risk, as reported by Travel + Leisure. It’s not because of the Kenny G. It’s the shuteye part. According to Medline Plus, falling asleep during landing or takeoff could cause serious damage to your ears. It all has to do with the rapid changes in air pressure in the cabin. If you’re awake, a natural response to alleviate pressure on your eardrums during takeoff and landing is to“pop”them, to maintain a pressure equilibrium. If you’re sleeping on a plane, you can’t actively work to relax those muscles and release the tension, so you can become susceptible to dizziness, ear infections, eardrum damage, hearing loss and nose bleeds.“A quick change in altitude affects the air pressure in the ear,”says Angel Chalmers, a British pharmacist, via Express. “This leads to a vacuum in the Eustachian tubes(咽鼓管) which makes the ears feel blocked and sound dull.”
Keep those Eustachian tubes clear and keep those eyes open for at least another few minutes. Crack open that book you just bought in the terminal. After all, there are some major perks to buying your reading material at the airport.
16.The underlined sentence"you've made it .”(Paragraph 1) means that you have managed .
A. to board the plane B. to get a bit of elbow room
C. to get ready to sleep after boarding D. to make yourself comfortable after boarding
17. What would damage your health when the plane lakes off or lands?
A. Using a neck pillow. B. Shutting your eyes
C.Listening to music D. Falling asleep.
18. The underlined word"alleviate"( Paragraph 2) is the closest in meaning to “ ”.
A.increase B. reduce
19. Having a vacuum in the Eustachian tubes during takeoff and landing could cause unpleasant symptoms to the following body parts EXCEPT .
A. the throat B. the nose
C. the cars E. the head
20. The author suggests that you read a book during the plane taking off and landing .
A. to amuse yourself B. to stay awake
C. to keep your ears clear D. to make yourself comfortable
Directions: In the following passage, some sentences have been removed. For questions 21 to 25 choose the most suitable sentence from choices A to G lo it into each of he numbered blanks. There are two extra choices, which do not fit into any of the blanks. You should decide o the best Choice and blacken the corresponding letter on TheAnswer Sheet.(10 point)
Whether it's a hotel stay, shopping or dining out, a vacation to Paris Can be a pricey proposition. But there are plenty of ways to stretch your dollar in the City of Lights and have a high-end getaway Barkley Hickcox, a Paris specialist and an owner of Local Foreigner, a travel consultancy, has a few tips to help travelers make the most of their Parisian getaway.
The id eal tine to visit Paris is between November and April, when hold prices are their lowest. Some high-end properties offer even further discounts if you book a stay several months in advance.
Families traveling to Paris should consider stay in high-end apartment instead of a hotel, Ms Hickcox said. "An apartment is less expensive than booking multiple rooms at a five-star hotel, and since you have a kitchen, you can save money on food costs by eating in occasionally, "she said.
Paris is known for fine cuisine, but rather than dining at one of the city's renowned restaurants at dinnertime, go for lunch, when the tab will be much lower and the cuisine just as good. "you'll find lots of great eateries where you can have dinner with wine for 35 to 50 euros a person, "she said.
Ms. Hickcox's favorite way to explore Paris is on foot. "You can fully appreciate the city's beauty by walking, and it's designed for walkers because there are walking paths and sidewalks everywhere” she said.
For longer distances, she suggested using the city's bike share system, Velib. A weeklong pass costs 15 euros, and there are stations everywhere. There is another choice if you are not so much fond of biking. 25 Paris' subway system. it's convenient, and you can buy daily and weekly passes.
A. Dine out
B. Eat smart
C. Try the Metro
D. Stay in a hotel
E. Ditch taxis and cars
F. Travel at the right time
G. Choose the right accommodations
Section B Banked Cloze (每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of' choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Please blacken the corresponding letter for each choice on The Answer Sheet. You may not use any of the words in the word bank more than once (10 points)
I knew this woman who was afraid to tell people what she wanted. She didn't know 26 to say no. Instead, she got herself tangled in a web of obligations, anxiety, and white lies. She was__27__ .
__28__ recently, I decided I'd had enough. As an experiment, I began __29__ up for myself, even at the risk of alienating (疏远) everyone and having__30__entire life come crashing down around me.
That didn’t happen.
Here’s what I did: I stopped making petty excuses Saying “no” is so much easier. if someone asks me to do somethings. I have zero interest__31__, I'm polite but honest. The phrase: I’m sorry, I don’t think that’s really __32__ me,” slips out my mouth faster than some lame excuse.
My friends and family didn't mind. __33__ I stopped people pleasing, no one cared. A good friend asked me to go for coffee at 5 PM. I was __34__ to hit the gym. I said," Sorry, I've got things I want to do tonight.” She said,”That’s fine. Maybe another time.”
Learning how to say “no" has added several extra hours to my days, days __35__ my weeks,and what feels like months to my years. Saying"no has set me free.
A. facing B. to C. her D. in E. fir F. what G. standing H. And
I. my J. But K. me L. When M. on N. planning O. how
Part II Integrated Testing (30 points, 30minutes)
Section A cloze (每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on The Answer Sheet. (20 points)
Brazilian Zarela Mosquera moved to the United States as a teenager. The adjustment to a new place was 36 .
Mosquera says she became a bratty (顽皮的) teenager, as a result. But it was not just the 37 that affected her behavior. Mosquera says there was another major stress in her life at that time She was the only member of her 38 who spoke English.
Being in a country with my family that doesn’t speak Spanish and my parents do 39 , my parents were trying to give me all these responsibilities. "Along with Spanish and English, Mosquera also speaks Portuguese. But there was another universal language she learned to love as a child.:art.
Zarela Mosquera connected with drawing and painting while in school. 40 she mostly dismissed art as a path to a career. She says her Dad 41 always say,"Think about the 42 ” Mosquera did not think he would support the study of 43 once she went to college.
But to her 44 , It was her parents who suggested just that. They urged her to 45 to technical and liberal arts schools. "One of them was Rhode island School of Design, which was like was like my 46 choice. "RISD, as it is called, 47 Mosquera as well. She enrolled in industrial design.
“It's basically to design 48 and services. I could be doing something more technical or something more 49 to problem solving. Whether it's 50 out a better way to filter water or developing a type of specific shelter 51 refugees for example.”
Mosquera says the course of study was 52 including me at working , woodworking and model making. She says in one class she just drew cubes for an entire month, which led her to a 53 : "Wow! Do I really want to do this?” But, she says, she 54 the cube study. And, then she began 55 on more Interesting projects.”
Mosqurera is now a design strategist for Manhall Moya Design, an architecture and interior design company in Washington, D.C
36. A. successful B. important C.necessary D. difficult
37. A.age B. growth C.adjustment D.education
38.A.family B.peers C. friends D. class
39. A. Spanish B. English C. Portuguese D.French
40. A. So B. Moreover C. And D. But
41. A. could B. should C. would D. might
42. A. time B. past C. present D. future
43. A. language B.art C. technology D. design
44. A. disappointment B. surprise C.annoyance D.dissatisfaction
45. A. apply B.cater C.adapt D.move
46. A. top B. moral C. natural D.popular
47. A. failed B. rejected C.chose D.urged
48. A. machines B. shelters C. filters D.products
49.A.adjusted B.relate C. affiliated D.expose
50. A. figuring B.wiping C.filling D.ruling
51. A. with B.for C.on D,in
52.A.easy B. pleasant C.tough D. smooth
53.A.question B.problem C. door D.road
54. A. undertook B. funded C.started D.survived
55. A. putting B. funded C. working D. counting
Section B Short Answer Questions(每小题 3 分,共 10 分)
Directions: In this part there is a short passage followed by five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements with no more than 10 words. Please write your answers ou The Answer Sheet.(10 points)
Researchers in Japan and Australia say they have made progress in developing blood test that could one day help doctors identify who might get Alzheimer’s disease. The scientists said the test can recognize a protein known as amyloid (涛粉样蛋) beta, which other studies have linked to Alzheimer's. They said it was correct more than 90 percent of the time in a study involving over 370 people. The findings were published in the journal Nature.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of demenna（痴呆). Experts believe dementia affects close to 50 million people worldwide. By the year 2050, it is expected to affect more than131 million people. Those numbers come from Alzheimer's Disease International, a non-profit group. Currently, doctors have two ways to identify a buildup of amyloid beta in the brain. One is brain scan or brain imaging; the other is a spinal tap(脊椎抽液). But both tests are invasive,costly and may only show results when the disease has already started to progress. There isno treatment that can slow the progression of Alzheimer's. Current drugs can only case some of the effects of the disease.
Having a simple, low-cost blood test could make it easier for drug companies to find enough people who are at risk of developing Alzheimer's to test new medicines, said Katsuhiko Yanagisawa. He was one of the leaders of the study. He works at the Japanese National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology
Alzheimer's disease is thought to start developing years before patients have any signs of memory loss. Experts say an important factor in finding an effective treatment will be the ability to recognize signs of the disease early. "You have got to walk before you run, "said Colin Masters, a co-leader of the study and a professor at the University of Melbourne in Australia. " You have to learn to diagnose the disease directly before you can hope to see the effect of therapeutic intervention. And that’ s where the real value in this test will come. " Masters added.
56. This passage reports the development of a test to diagnose Alzheimer's disease
57. One advantage of the present test is that it costs than the previous tests.
58. All the three tests identify Alzheimer’s disease by detecting a protein named .
59. Can doctors cure or slow down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease today
60. Alzheimer's disease may have already started before patients have any signs of memory .
Part III Translation(30 points,30 minutes)(每小题 3 分,共 30 分) Section A Chinese-English translation
Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese expressions given in the brackets. Please write your translation on The Answer Sheet.(15 points)
61. (起源于汉朝), Shadow-play(皮影戏) became popular among ordinary people in Tang dynasty
62. Trade between West and East moved through Central Asia along the fame silk Road, bringing (发 展与繁荣)
63. The Grand Canal flows southwards (纵贯四省）of Hebei , Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang.
64. BYD is now famous for its"plugin electric hybrid cays,which， （名称所示），can be recharged by plugging them into electricity sockets.
65. If you are to study for （学士学位）,you have to take standardized examinations on a couple of subjects.
Section B English-Chinese Translation
Directions: Translate into Chinese the underline sentences in the following passage. Please write your translation on The Answer Sheet.(15 points)
When asked how far engineers had done towards creating artificial intelligence(AI),Stephen W. Hawking replied: 66. Once humans develop artificial intelligence, it would take off on its own. It will redesign itself at an ever increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn't compete with them. We would be replaced.”
In my view, the late Cambridge professor is wrong because there are strong grounds for believing that computers will never copy all human cognitive abilities. 67. AI has historically failed to copy human mentality, and it will continue to fail. Three fundamental problems explain why.
First, computers lack true understanding. A US philosopher John Searle proposes how a computer program can appear to understand Chinese stories by responding to questions, but fail to truly understand anything of the interaction.
Second, computers lack consciousness. Some researchers hold 68. if a robot experiences a conscious sensation as it interacts with the world, consciousness will exist in everything everywhere：in the cup of tea I am drinking, in the seat that I am sitting on. But does everything in this world have souls or minds? If we reject this idea, we must reject machine consciousness
Lastly, computers lack mathematical insight. Can the human mind be completely realized by mere computations my role as an Al expert on the International Committee for Robot Arms Control.I am particularly concerned by the potential development of robotic weapons systems. 69. These systems can engage themselves in military action without human instruction. This is because current AI is not similar to human intelligence. When fighting against each other, poorly designed autonomous systems have the potential to make the situations worse rapidly. Such systems can exhibit true artificial stupidity.
It is possible to agree that 70. AI may pose an existential threat to humanity, but it will never become more intelligent than us.
Part IV Writing(30 points,30 minutes)(每小题 30 分,共 30 分)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Population Transformation in China. You should write about 120 words following the Chinese outline given below, taking the information available in the following table us evidence. Please write your composition on The Answer Sheet. (30 points)
第 71 题表: Population Transformation in China