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2017年浙江专升本英语真题

2017 年浙江专升本英语真题

Part 1 Reading Section A Format 1

To hear most recent research tell it, coffee is a miracle drink. The magic beans will ward off skin cancer and Alzheimer’s(老年痴呆症), reduce heart failure and diabetes(糖尿病) risks, heighten focus, and maybe even protect liver health. Oh, and decrease suicide risk, according to the newest study that validates our coffee addictions.

According to a study performed by the Harvard School of Public Health and published this month in The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, people who drink two to four cups of java each day are less likely to commit suicide than those who don’t drink coffee, drink decaf, or drink fewer than two cups each day. The study followed over 200,000 people for at least 16 years. And it’s not just a weak link: the researchers found that the suicide risk was cut by around 50 percent for coffee addicts.

This isn’t the first time that researchers have discovered that coffee and smiles might go hand-in-hand. A 2011 study found that women who drink coffee cut their risk of depression by 15 percent compared to those who don’t. Michel Lucas, the head researcher of the most recent study, told The Huffington Post that coffee addicts can thank caffeine for the good news. The drug may actually act like a mild anti-depressant by tweaking levels of happy hormones .

Of course, there’s plenty of research out there that doesn’t look so kindly upon coffee drinkers. Recently, the New Yorker published an article arguing that while coffee may heighten focus, that means it also puts a squeeze on creativity. And of course, coffee’s well-known negative effects like insomnia(失眠症) and disturbed sleep cycles still hold.

Regardless, we’ll raise our mugs to this most recent study for justifying our coffee addictions once again.

1. Which of the following is not mentioned as a possible benefit of drinking coffee ?

A.reducing heart failure risks

B.protecting liver health

C.preventing skin cancer

D.improving eyesight

2. According to a study performed by the Harvard School of Public Health , people are less likely to commit suicide if they                  .

A.drink fewer than two cups of coffee each day

B.drink more than four cups of coffee each day

C.drink two to four cups of coffee each day

D.don ' t drink any coffee each day

3. The reason why coffee can cut the suicide risk lies in that              .

A.it can heighten focus

B.it can cure skin cancer

C.it may help to prevent depression

D.it may make people less creative

4. One of the negative effects of coffee is that it                .

A.costs a lot of money

B.disturbs sleep

C.makes people fat

D.causes coffee addictions

5. What might be the writer ' s attitude toward coffee drinking ?

A.Positive

B.Hostile

C.Indifferent

D.Tough

 

Passages 2

Polar bears are classified as marine mammals(哺乳动物), like a seal or a whale, which might come as a surprise given that they're usually pictured on land.But polar bears spend a lot of their time in the waters of the Arctic( 北 极 ),fishing or swimming among the sea ice.They may look awkward in the water , but no creature with paws is a better swimmer.

They'd better be.Arctic sea ice is declining fast,robbing the polar bear of its prime habitat and forcing them to swim longer and longer distances to reach solid ground . No other animal seems to be such a direct victim of  warming, which is one reason why the polar bear has emerged as the symbol of climate change . ( Another is that they look so cute and cuddly . )It ' s a simple narrative to grasp :carbon warms the climate, Arctic sea ice melts and baby polar bears down.

But it turns out it might not be that simple .A new study by scientists at the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS ) underscores the fact that polar bears really are amazing swimmer. In fact they are so good that biologists were able to document 5 0 swims that cover an average length of 96 miles. the research provides clues that polar bears may be able to keep treading(踩 ) water even as climate change melts their habitat.

The researchers published their work in the Canadian journal of zoology . they followed 52 female polar bears in the Arctic Ocean north of Alaska from 2004 to 2009,using radio collars that could track the movements of the animals . They then compared the paths taken by the bears with maps of shifting  sea ice over the same period of time , and found that the polar bears were world - class marathon swimmers and those long , long dips in the ocean weren't outliers—— while the really long -distance swims were relatively rate, 38% of the bears surveyed took at  least one  such marathon swim .  

6 . People may feel surprised to know that polar bears are classified as marine mammals because                   .

A.polar bears cannot live in the sea

B.polar bears have paws and can walk

C.polar bears are usually seen on land

D.polar bears are rarely pictured by people

7. what does the writer mean saying " no creature with paws is a better swimmer " in the first paragraph ?

A.polar bears are the best swimmers in the world

B.polar bears swim better than other animals with paws

C.no other creatures with paws can swim

D.creature with paws can swim better than any fish

8. The second paragraph is mainly about                  .

A.the danger the baby polar bears will face

B.the reason why polar bears are so popular

C.the causes of climate change

D.the effects of warming on polar bears

9. The underlined word "underscores " (Paragraph3 ) is the closest in meaning to“          ”.

A. Emphasizes

B.denies

C.understand

D.accepts

10. What did the researchers use to track the movements of the 52 female polar bears ?

A.GPS

B.Airplanes

C.Radio Collars

D.Maps of shifting sea ice

 

Passage 3

How many hundreds of heroes go unheralded(未宣布的) from the days of the Underground Railroad? While we celebrate such important figures as Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass, numerous others were needed to make the operation of the "railroad" a success. Runaway slaves had to be given shelter from weather and from search parties. The tale of this awesome phenomenon is one of cooperation, coordination, and brotherly love. The Underground Railroad operated as a secret organization dedicated to assisting runaway slaves from the South. The Railroad should not be thought of, however, as one cohesive body. It was in fact an ever-evolving organization devoted to one cause: protection of one's fellow men and women. It actually began during the colonial period.However, it reached its height in the decades preceding the American Civil War. Acts such as the “Fugitive Slave Act of 1850”(1850年逃奴追缉法案)increased railroad activity and popularity. The ultimate goal of the Underground Railroad was to accomplish the safe arrival of runaway slaves to Canada where the long arm of the law could not reach them. Laws such as the Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 and 1850 allowed slave owners to recapture escaped slaves and bring them back to bondage in the South.

Some historians believe this courageous organization was began by Quakers(贵格会教徒) in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.Over time, the backbone of this organization became the numerous free blacks of the North. They were essential to the successful operation of the Underground Railroad. In most cases, fleeing slaves traveled by any means necessary and often on their own in an effort to reach freedom in the North. After arriving in the North the people of the Underground Railroad would provide assistance and supplies in an effort to get them to the guaranteed freedom of Canada.

11. Which of the following statements about the underground railroad is true ?

A.It was a railroad built underground like subway

B.It was a railroad operated by the us government

C.It operated as a secret organization to help runaway slaves

D.It served as a secret route only known to slave owners in the south

12 . From paragraph 2 , we know that the runaway slaves              .

A.could not afford to buy their train tickets .

B.could be recaptured by slave owners

C.could not get any shelter from bad weather

D.might reach Canada with the help of search parties

13. The Underground Railroad began             .

A.during the American Civil War

B.after the declaration of independence .

C.during the colonial period

D.between 1793 and 1850

14. Who were essential to the successful operation of the underground railroad ?

A.Slaves in the South

B.Quakers in Canada

C.White people of the south

D.Free blacks of the North

15. The tone of the  passage can be described as                 .

A.objective

B.delightful

C.pessimistic

D.humorous

 

Passage 4

We are in the midst of a heated public debate over the benefits of online education.

I think that the incidents of cheating have increased for two interconnecting reasons .The first is the trend of packing as many students as possible into course sections as a means of saving money .The second is the structure of the online courses themselves . It is evident that these two intertwining(结) trends can serve to produce academic cheating and plagiarism(剽窃).

In the wake of the Great Recession and the following budget crisis , the dean of one of the colleges I teach in increased class size by as many as 50  students in an attempt to save money.One of the non - online courses  I teach was intended for 32 to 35 pupils . But when I taught the course last semester , it was composed of 82 students.

Online courses serve to exacerbate( 加 剧 )the trend toward larger class sizes.The primary motive for the increase in online courses is that they do not require physical classroom space .This allows campus administrators t o cut costs by increasing the number of students enrolled in a particular course section even if they don ' t have classrooms .

What's more,when students take classes online,the professor does not have face-to-face contact with the vast majority of the students enrolled in the course.As a result , one can never be sure that the students are doing their own work for there is little to stop them from paying another student to take their exams for them.It is evident that both increased class sizes without any accompanying teaching assistance and  the structure of online courses  by themselves , makes it easier for students to cheat . This not only cheapens the college but also makes the whole of a college education meaningless.

16. The writer of this passage is most probably a                .

A.student

B.journalist

C. campus administrator

D. professor

17. In the writer’s opinion , one reason for the increase in academic dishonesty is that_________.

A. students want to save money

B. class sizes are too large

C. classrooms are very small

D. dishonest students are not punished

18. The primary motive for the increase in online courses is that__________.

A. they are new and modern

B. they can improve the education quality

C. they do not need physical classroom space

D. they are convenient for both students and teachers

19 . One form of the academic dishonesty mentioned in the passage is that____________.

A. students copy term paper without being notice

B. students don’t do any homework

C. students don ’t attend classes regularly

D. students can ask someone else to take exams

20.The writer’s altitude toward on line education is___________.

A. negative

B. friendly

C. neutral

D. supportive

 

Format 2

Here are job interview tips to help prepare you to interview effectively. Proper preparation will help alleviate some of the stress involved in job interviews, and the more you prepare, the more comfortable and successful you will be .

Practice

Practice your responses to the typical job interview questions and answers most employers ask. Think of concrete examples you can use to highlight your skills. 21) ______.

Get Ready

Make sure your interview attire is neat, tidy and appropriate for the type of firm you are interviewing with. Bring a nice portfolio (公文包)with extra copies of your resume. 22)_________.

Be On Time

Be on time for the interview. 23)_______. If need be, take some time to drive to the interview location ahead of time so you know exactly where you are going and how long it will take to get there.

24)_______

During the job interview, try to relax and stay as calm as possible. Remember that your body language says as much about you as your answers to the questions.

Follow Up

25)_______. You can also include any details you may have forgotten to mention during your

interview. If you interview with multiple people send each one a personal note. Send your thank you note (email is fine) within 24 hours of your interview.

A. Stay Calm

B. Always follow up with a thank - you note restating your interest in the position

C. Providing examples of your successes is a great way to promote your opportunity

D. On time means five to ten minutes early

E. Search the Internet for job advertisements

F. Include a pen and paper for note taking

G. Show What You Know

 

Section B

Jonathan and his family were on their way to Clever Mountain for a day of hiking. Jonathan sat in the back seat, clutching (抓着) Goggle, his stuffed owl, and looking out thought the open window at the ___26__ mountains ,blue streams and shade trees .

As they____27___ a little bridge, the car hit a bump and Goggle went flying out the window.The car stopped on the shoulder, and he raced out just ___28___ time to see Goggle disappear out of view in the back of a canoe travelling down the stream.

Carlos picking up the owl from the bottom of his canoe and looking up to see ___29____ it came from. He thought he could see a young boy standing on the bridge, looking down, ____30___ there was no way he could go back against current. Not having any use for a stuffed owl, he tossed it on the _____31_____.

An eagle flying overhead saw something white down below. It looked like a ____32____ mouse, so it swooped(俯冲) down and picked it up with its talons. The eagle soon ____33___ the animal was not edible and dropped it in a pine tree, where it remained until a soft breeze made it topple on the walking path below.

A little while later, a family came hiking down the _____34____.“Goggle!” exclaimed Jonathan. “How did you get ____35_____?”Goggle couldn’t answer, of course. He just stared at Jonathan with his big, yellow, goggly eyes.

 

A. tasty   B. there   C. majestic   D. realized   E. riverbank   F. in   G. ugly H. sky

I. Where   J. here    K. when     L. path      M. passed    N. but   O. remembered

 

 

Part 2 Integrated Testing

Section A

Towards the end of high school, when it came time to start thinking about what colleges I was interested in applying to, there was only one thing on my mind: I wanted to get away from home. I was the elder of two__36__, and had begun to feel the urge to be on my own, that I was __37__ to take charge of my own life.

Even at the time of being accepted to Virginia Tech, I was __38__ at the prospect of starting over, with new faces, and new things to see and do.

But as the time arrived to __39__ my bags and prepare to leave, the reality of what I was doing hit home hard. I __40__ as I realized that I was going to be eight and a half hours away from everything and __41__ that was familiar to me. I was leaving the town where I had __42__,and all the things about it that I loved.

For the first few __43__after arriving at school, I thought that I was not going to make it through the year. __44__ a tearful call back home, I grabbed one of the few books in my suitcase, Chicken Soup For the Teenage Soul, and I headed down to the library to read a few stories. They had always been able to __45__ me up before, and 1 was hopeful that they __46__ now.

On the way out, I passed another girl in the hallway. She __47__ the book in my hand and smiled, saying that she had the same book in her dorm room, __48__ i took a chance, and invited her to come read with me- Being as __49__ as I was, she agreed, and we found our way onto the library.

Before we knew __50__,we were surrounded by girls, who,like us,had either read.

__51__ owned the book,and who loved it as much as we __52__ As I watched the tears __53__ everyone’s faces and the smiles grow as we all read,I realized that I was not alone.

The days went on, and I still __54__ home—but the campus was beautiful, the people were __55__ , and it became better and better as the school year continued.

36. A. friends B. kids C. students D. workers

37. A. ready B. sorry C. unwilling D. regretful

38. A. amazed B. shocked C. excited D. disappointed

39. A. pack B. sell C. pull D. wash

40. A. dreamed B. beamed C- shouted D. cried

41. A. something B. nobody C. everybody D. anything

42. A. passed by B. grown up C. come across D. dropped off

43. A. seconds B.years C- minutes D. days

44. A. When B. After C. As D. Until

45. A. cheer B. bring C. wake D. call

46. A. must B. can C. would D. may

47.A.read B.bought C.wrote D.saw

48.A.too B.either C.instead D.thought

49.A.clever B.kind C.homesick D.flexible

50. A.this B.one C.each D.it

51. A.or B.buy C.and D.so

52. A.noticed B.hoped C.hated D.did

53. A.turn down B.fall down C.run into D.go through

54. A.returned B.went C.missed D.had

55.A.cold B.kind C.poor D.miserable

 

Section B 

Is there anything more harmless than a turtle? (Unless, I suppose, you’re a nice, leafy vegetable.) Turtles and tortoises—the main difference is that turtles dwell at least partially in water, while tortoises live exclusively on land—are slow-moving, peaceful animals whose main form of protection from the outside world is a hard shell. Not for nothing do we have the fable of the slow and steady tortoise winning the race. Turtles have existed in some form for more than 220 million years, outlasting their early contemporaries the dinosaurs(恐龙). Long-lived turtles and tortoises are symbols of perseverance in the natural world. Unfortunately, the rules of the race are changing. Turtles and tortoises are among the world’s most endangered vertebrates(脊椎动物). Only primates(灵长类动物)—human beings expected—are at greater risk of being wiped off the planet. The threats are many. The animals are collected by traders, eaten in the wild and in fine restaurants, used as pets or for traditional medicine, and sometimes simply killed. The very adaptations that once made them so successful—their long adult life span and delayed sexual maturity—has made them vulnerable as the world around them changed, mostly thanks to human beings. A 2011 report from the Turtle Conservation Coalition makes it clear: we need to act now if we’re to save the turtles and the tortoises: We are facing a turtle survival crisis unprecedented in its severity and risk. Humans are the problem, and must therefore also be the solution. Without concerted conservation action, many of the world’s turtles and tortoises will become extinct within the next few decades. It is now up to us to prevent the loss of these remarkable, unique jewels of evolution. As we mark World Turtle Day on May 23, spare a thought for these armoured but endangered creatures.

56 . The main difference between turtles and tortoises is that the former can sometimes live in water while the latter only live ________________________________.

57. For turtles and tortoises , their main form of protection from the outside world is_________________________

58. Long - lived turtles and tortoises are symbols of _________________________________________________

59 . One of the threats turtles and tortoises face is that they can be used for traditional________________________

60 . According to the passage , who is to blame for the turtle survival crisis ?_______________________________

 

Part 3 Translation

Section A

61. (直到他知道真相)__________________________. He will not rest.

62.(如果我昨天没生病)________________________________,I might have come to school.

63 .Tell him to go to____________________________________(我们经常上英语课的那个教室)

64. The color____________________________(看上去是绿色而不是蓝色)

65.(不要把书落下)_____________________________you will want it.

 

Section B

66) I heard a shocking conversation between two diners in a restaurant the other day. One lady was deciding whether or not she should have a green salad, fresh fruit or fries as a side dish with her meal.

67) Her friend said, “don’t get the fruit,it makes you fat.” “Fruit makes you fat ?“she asked.“It has tons of calories " replied the friend. The lady ordered fries with her meal.

Can fruit make you fat? My favorite quote about fruit comes from Steven Kates, personal trainer and founder of one of my favorite weight loss products “ Lifesize Portions ”. In the instructional video for Lifesize he talks to a client who is astounded that she can eat an unlimited number of bananas on the Lifesize Portions program.68) No one gets fat from eating bananas,“ he says.

He’s right. 69) Of course,the woman in the first conversation is right too. Some fruits are higher in calories. And for dieters with diabetes, the sugar in fruit may limit the amount they should eat.70) But for the average person who wants to eat a healthy diet, fruit is a good thing! You can overeat any food, but really,when’s the last time you heard of someone overeating kiwi?

If you’ve concerned about the calorie count in your fruit, here are a few numbers. Tm not a fan of juicing for weight loss, so my preference is always to eat the whole fruit instead of its juiced counterpart. Whole fruit provides more fiber, usually takes longer to eat and is more likely to make you feel satisfied for a longer period of time. For the sake of comparison, I’ve included the calorie counts for a few other snack foods you might be tempted to eat instead of the fruit.

66) I heard a shocking conversation between two diners in a restaurant the other day.

 

67) Her friend said, “don’t get the fruit,it makes you fat.

 

68) No one gets fat from eating bananas,“ he says

 

69) Of course,the woman in the first conversation is right too

 

70)But for the average person who wants to eat a healthy diet, fruit is a good thing!

 

Part 4 Writing

71. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition Why is Online Shopping So

Popular .You should write about 120 words following the Chinese outline given below.

1.越来越多的人在网上购物(如淘宝、亚马逊等)

2.网上购物为什么受欢迎?

3.我的看法。

 

 附件下载:2017年浙江专升本英语真题

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