Part 1 Reading Section A Format 1
The moment two humans lay eyes on each other has incredible. The first sight of you bums its way into your new acquaintance’s eyes and can stay printed in his or her memory forever.
Artists are something able to capture this quicksilver, short emotional response. I have a friend, Robert Grossman, an accomplished artist who draws regularly for Forbes, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated, Rolling Stone and other popular publications. Robert has a unique gift for capturing not only the physical appearance of his subjects, but zeroing in on the essence of their personalities. The bodies and souls of hundreds of figures radiate from his sketch pad(素描) . One glance at his pictures of famous people, you can see, for instance, the insecure of arrogance of Madonna, the boyishness of Clinton, the awkwardness of George Bush.
Something at a party, Robert will do a quick sketch on a cocktail napkin of a guest. When he’s finished drawing , he puts his pen down and hands a napkin to the guest. Often a puzzled look comes over the subject’s face. He or she usually mumbles some politeness like, “well, er, that is great. But it really is not me. ”The crowd’s convincing echo of “Oh yes it is!” drowns down the subject ,who is left to stare back at the world’s view of himself of herself in the napkin. Once I asked Robert how he could capture people’s personalities so well. He said ,”It is simple. I just look at them.” Almost every side of people’s personalities is evident from their appearance, their gesture, the way they move.
First impressions are incredible. Because in our fast-paced information-overload world, multiple stimuli bombard us every second, people’s heads are spinning. They must form quick judgments to make sense of the world and get on with what they have to do. Whenever people meet you, they take an instant mental snapshot. That image of you becomes the data that they deal with for a long time.
1. People usually get the first impression if a person through .
A.reading an article about him or her in a famous magazine
B.getting acquainted with his or her beat friends
C.taking a brief look at his or her appearance
D.studying his or her personality carefully
2.Why does the author say that Robert has a unique gift?
A.He can draw the subject carefully
B.He can memorize the names of people instantly
C.He can illustrate the subject’s characteristic
D.He can communicate with famous people effectively
3.What does the phrase “zeroing in on” most probably mean?
4.The puzzled look on the subject’s face suggests that .
A.the artist’s drawing is out of subject’s expectation
B.the crowed treated the subject rudely
C.the artist failed to show his respect for the subject
D.the image of the drawing was too real to believe
5.We can conclude from the passage that .
A.one should never trust a person by his or her appearance
B.the first impression usually has a long lasting influence
C.the judgment based on the first impression is always reliable
D.we can no longer make any sense of the information an hand
My dad was a plumber for the public works department in our town, so from time to time he came into my school. Can you imagine sitting in the class and seeing your dad peek through the door of your classroom and wave at you? In junior high?
One girl in our class always made fun of me because my dad was a plumber and hers was a lawyer, and she would always say things like, “that’s gross!” I must admit that I was sometimes embarrassed by what my dad did, especially in my early teens, when the only thing I really cared about was what the other girls thought.
The girl lived a few streets away from us, and a winter day--the day her older sister got married--the toilet in their main upstairs bathroom cracked and there was water everywhere. Her father called every plumber in the yellow book but nobody would come out because of the major snowstorm. His daughter told her father that my father was a plumber, and he called. My father went over and took me with him. (maybe he was hoping that the lawyer’s daughter would be nicer to me.) My father fixed the toilet, help them clean up everything, and didn’t take a dime for the trouble. But as we were leaving, he told the girl, “If I ever need a lawyer, I’ll be happy to call your dad.”
As we walked to our car, he said to me, “Do you believe he didn’t know where the main shut-off valve was?
What a dumb ass!”
From that point on, her dad was known in school as Attorney Dumb Ass.
When my husband and I bought our house, the first thing my father showed him was shut-off valve. I have always been proud to say that I am a plumber’s daughter.
6.When her father came to her school and peeked through the classroom door, the writer might feel .
7.The girl’s attitude towards the writer can be best described as .
8.In her early teens, the only thing the writer cared about was .
C.what her father did
D.what the other girls thought
9.Why couldn’t the lawyer find anybody to fix the toilet on that winter day?
A.He had little money
B.All the plumbers were too busy to come
C.There was a major snowstorm and nobody would come out
D.One of his daughters was getting married and the house was in a mess
10.What might the writer’s father think of the lawyer?
Imagine a guitar so tiny that you can't see it with the human eye, but you can hear sound when its strings are pulled. Some people say the future is big, but when it comes to technology, the world is getting smaller. Nanotechnology (纳米技术) is the science that deals with doing things in a very small way, and it is being studied and developed all over the world. Micro-machines too small to been seen by the eye are being designed to do many things. And these machines no larger than in diameter than a human hair, are extremely powerfully. Many
scientists say nanotechnology will produce the next industrial revolution (工业革命).
Nano comes from the Greek word dwarf . A nanometer is one-billion of a meter. The period of the end of this sentence can contain about 100 micrometers, which in equal to 100,000 nanometers. To understand this new technology, we have to get rid of the normal ideas of size and strength.
Minute(微小的) robots, called “nanorobots” are being developed in the revolutionize manufacturing. Instead of cars being produced on assembling line, for example, scientist predict that cars can be built in a giant container onto which raw material and machines have been placed. Thousands of nanorobots will direct the process and tell the machine what to do.
Micro-machines can also be used to make our environment safer. Today, poison chemicals are stored in containers or transported by trucks or trains. This sometimes result in dangerous spills. But with nanotechnology, manufacturers could have their own tiny chemical factories. The produce would be no bigger than a sugar cube and would manufacture exactly the amount of chemicals needed at the moment. No chemicals would need to be stored. The workplace would be safer, and the environment would be cleaner.
11.The author mentions guitar at the beginning of the passage in order to .
A.introduce the knowledge of guitar
B.introduce the topic of nanotechnology
C.show his or her own interest in music
D.describe the craft of making musical instruments
12.According to the passage, why does the nanotechnology lead to the next industrial revolution?
A. Micro-machines are tiny but beautiful
B. Micro-machines are strong but smart
C. Micro-machines are small but powerful
D. Micro-machines are cute and varied
13. The word dwarf in Pra.3 is closest in meaning to .
A. clever B. slow
C. quick D. minute
14. With nanotechnology, where will cars probably be produced?
A. On assemble line
B. In huge containers
C. Inside the micro-machines
D. Inside the nanorobots
15. Which of the following is NOT the causes leading to cleaner environment by adopting nanotechnology?
A. There will be less dangerous spills.
B. The amount of produced chemicals can be precisely controlled.
C. Micro-factories need not store chemicals.
D. The factories will be of large size.
When Caroline heard the phone ring late in the evening, she knew it was something important. He listen as a park ranger explained the situation. Seven children were lost in the Pennsylvania wildness. Caroline pulled on the red jacket that said Rescue on it and called on her dog. Aly, a shepherd. She and Aly raced to their rescue truck and climbed in. Then Caroline put on the emergency light and stepped on the gas. She knew they had no time to late.
In the dark Pennsylvania wood, Caroline and Aly walked for hours to looking for sigh of children. It was a fierce autumn night, and she became cold and exhausted. Suddenly, she saw footprint ahead. In the cold, it was difficult for Aly to pick up the children’s scent, but finally he found it and began to bark. Then two miles down the road, Aly began to yelp with joy, and Caroline began to run. There were shivering and crying, but they were safe.
Caroline and Aly are a specialized team with many amazing, life-saving rescues to their credit. She had always loved dogs and used to raise them as hobby. One day a friend suggested canine search and rescue team.
Caroline and Aly makes an excellent team. Dogs have a great sensitivity to smell. She trained Aly to find the scent of humans underground and in open spaces. Caroline is a natural athletes who skis and mountain climbs, and she is highly skilled in wilderness survival. She and Aly can find people faster than a dozen human searchers can.
Caroline can also speak seven languages, so she often translates for other rescue works when she works in different countries.
16. Which of the following can best describe the situation in Pra.1?
A. Relaxing B. Urgent C. Indifferent D. Ordinary
17. Which of the following is NOT a factor leading to the different situation in Pra.2?
A. Caroline got lost.
B. The weather was cold.
C. Caroline was very tired.
D. It was difficult for Aly to find the scent.
18. When the children were found, they were .
A. excited and happy
B. shivering and crying
C. disappointed and angry
D. shouting and smiling
19. It can be learned from the last paragraph that .
A. Aly rescued many earthquake victims
B. Caroline climbed many famous mountains
C. Caroline knows how to survive in wilderness
D. Caroline and Aly are best team in the world
20. Which of the following can be best title of the passage?
A. Seven children
B. Aly the rescue dog
C. Search and rescue skills
D. A search and rescue team
A dictionary contains a definition of friendship somewhere in the F’s between the words “fear” and “Friday”.
An encyclopedia supplies interesting facts on friendship. But all the definitions and facts do not convey what friendship is really all about. 21) It is an experience that involves all senses.
22) It is seen in an old couple sitting in the park holding hands. It is the way they touch, a touch as light as a leaf floating in the autumn air, a touch so strong that years of living could not pull them apart. Friendship is seen in a child freely sharing the last cookie. It is the small arm over the shoulder of another as they walk on the playground. Seeing friendship is not casual. It is watching for subtlety, but friendship is there for eyes that can see.
23) It is heard in the words of two friends squeezing in lunch together on an extremely busy day. It is the way they walk each other, not the words. Their tone is unique. Friendship can be heard by those willing to listen.
Friendship is felt in a touch. It is a pat on the back from a teammate, a high five between classes, the slimy, wet kiss from the family dog. It’s a touch that reassures that someone is there, someone who cares. The touch communicates more than words or gestures. It is instantly understood and speaks volumes beyond the point of contact, to the heart. Friendship has a taste. 24) , the ingredients all measured and planned, then carefully mixed and kneaded, then the quiet waiting as the dough rises. Hot from the oven, the bread tastes more than the sum of its ingredients . There are something else there, perhaps the thoughts of the baker as her hands knead the dough, or her patience as she waits for the dough to rise. Unseen and unmeasured, this is the ingredient that makes the difference .Warm, fresh from the oven with a little butter, the difference you taste is friendship.
Finally, more than the other senses, friendship is an experience of the heart. 24) , --- a language without words, vowels, or consonants; a language that, whether seen, felt, heard, or tasted, is understood by the heart. Like air fills the lungs, friendship fills the heart, allowing us to experience the best life has to offer: a friend.
A. Friendship has a smell.
B. It is the language of the heart
C. It tastes like homemade bread
D. The only way to understand friendship is through experience.
E. Friendship can be seen.
F. It is a pat on the back from a teammate.
G. Friendship can be heard.
It was a sunny Saturday afternoon in Oklahoma City. Bobby Lewis was taking his two little boys to __26__ golf．He walked up to the fellow at the ticket counter and said, "How __27__ much is it to get in?"
The young man replied,"$3.00 for you and $3.00 __28__ any kid who is older than six, We let them in free __29 they are six or younger. How old are they?"
Bobby replied, "The lawyer’s three and the doctor is seven, so I guess I have __30__ pay $6.00."
The man at the ticket counter __31__ ,"Hey, Mister, did you just win the lottery or something? You could have saved yourself three bucks. You could have told me that the older one was six; I wouldn't have known the __32_ _ ."Bobby replied," Yes, that may be true, but the kids would have known the difference."
__33__ Ralph Waldo Emerson said, “Who you are speaks so loudly I can’t hear what you’re saying.” In challenging times when ethics are more important __34__ ever before, make sure you set a good __35__ for everyone you work and live with.
A. handle B. though C. difference D. for E. As F. To G. Than H. Play
I. said J. spreads K. Example L. Which M. Due to N. if O. much
Part 2 Integrated Testing
I collected my two-year-old grandson Max from kindergarten to take him to hospital to visit his mother and new baby brother. __36__buckling him into his car seat,I shut the rear door and went round to the driver’s door to collect the __37__,only to find that it was locked. __38__I realized the central locking meant there was no way I could __39__the car.
The temperature was 40 ℃ and my mobile phone was locked in the car__40__ I couldn’t call for help.
Panicked, I looked around for some help and saw a young man standing by his large truck. Seeing my agitation, he came over and _41__ to try to open the door. He was _42__ in his attempts but failed. My hero went back to his truck and used his phone to call for help.
_43_ my growing anxiety, I forced myself to talk _44__to Max, explaining the situation. He was so good, 45__ with his toy, but he was getting distressed. Sweat rolled down his face. Arms and legs, but he was calm and _46_. I told him that someone was coming _47__him.
Eventually automobile association officers _48__ and began to work on the two front doors. _49__was having any success. Anxiety levels _50__. The officers then worked together on the driver’s door, pushing it open, _51__then released the other doors.
I lift Max _52__the car. It was only when the officers poured bottles of water of the two of us to cool him down that he began to _53__.
I thanked the young man for his kindness but he refused _54__to tell his name. I hoped he knew how much his kindness and _55__meant to me that day.
36. A. When B. After C. Since D. Because
37. A. keys B. gifts C. materials D. bags
38. A. Gradually B. Consequently C. Immediately D. Probably
39. A. hold onto B. get into C. peek into D. turn on
40. A. but B. for C. so D. or
41. A. asked B. demanded C. decided D. offered
42. A. tireless B. painful C. rude D. violent
43. A. For B. To C. Despite D. On
44. A. formally B. calmly C. desperately D. nervously
45. A. playing B. dealing C. fighting D. helping
46. A. thinking B. trusting C. angry D. flexible
47. A. scold B. answer C. observe D. rescue
48. A. broke in B. moved in C. stood up D. turned up
49. A. Neither B. It C. Either D. Both
50. A. improved B. dropped C. rose D. declined
51. A. when B. which C. when D. who
52. A. except for B. regardless of C. back from D. thanks to
53. A. cry B. run C. doubt D. shake
54. A. thus B. yet C. even D. still
55. A. support B. problem C. promise D. ability
Imagine going to your doctor with a complaint of frequent headaches. Your doctor takes a prescription and writes a word on it. The word is not “aspirin”. It's “Mozart”.
The idea is not so farfetched. In China, instead of pills, doctors often recommend musical albums with names like Insomnia or Heart, Liver and Lungs, and Chinese people take these musical pieces as prescriptions. In fact, in China music is prescribed as often as herbal medicine to help people with common, everyday problems or to strengthen organs like the liver or the kidneys. Other countries use music for healing as well. In Japan, Mendelssohn’s “Spring Song” is often used to treat headaches. And hospital in India use different kinds of music to treat mental illness.
Using music as therapy is not new. It dates back to the beginning of civilization, when people got together to play music ob primitive drums and rattles. Music plays a part in every ritual and important life event, from weddings and funerals to crop planting and harvesting to marching people into battle. There is even evidence thatmusic was our first language. Scientists found that 2/3 of the tiny hairs insides human ears respond only to the higher frequency of music, which shows that people probably sang before that talked.
Many kinds of music can stir the imagination and produce strong feelings. For some people, romantic composers such as Chopin and Tchaikovsky enhance feelings of love and compassion. Religious and spiritual music can help some people feel peace or lessen their pain. But one musician seems to have a unique ability to heal the human body—Mozart. Scientists have found Mozart's music to be remarkable in its ability to calm its listeners.
It can also increase their perception, and help them express themselves more clearly.
56.In China, doctors often give patients music and to help people deal with their problems.
57.What is the probable profession of Mendelssohn, Chopin and Tchaikovsky?
58.Many kinds of music can produce .
59.Why is Mozart’s music especially effective to heal the human body?
60.The main idea of this passage is to discuss .
Part 3 Translation
61.Only when I started working in an international trade, did I realize .(掌握一 门外语有多么重要)
62. （就利润而言），this corporation ranks the first in 2012.
63.The activist say nobody can （剥夺孩子们受教育的权利）.
64.The fact that he changed the idea （使教授很生气）.
65.Mary was born and brought up in America, but she speaks Chinese very fluently （好像就是个土生土长的中国人似得）.
66)There is nothing new about people cutting down trees. In ancient times, Greece, Italy and England were covered with forests. But now almost nothing were left. Today, trees are being cut down more rapidly. A major cause of present destruction is the worldwide demand for wood.
67)In industrial countries, people are using more and more wood for paper, furniture and houses. There is not enough wood in these countries, therefore they have begun taking wood from the forest of Asia, Africa and other countries.
Wood is also in great demand in developing countries.
68) In many area, people depend on wood to cook their food. As the population grows, the need for wood grows. But when too many trees are cut down, forests are destroyed. In reality , there is usually no chance to grow back. In this way, many million of acres of forests are destroyed every year.
69)The destruction of forests affects first the people who used to lived there. It also has other effects far way. For example, trees help to absorb heavy rains. When the trees are cut down, the rain pours all at once into the river.
70)But finally, the loss of forests may have an effect on the climate of our planet. Together with increasing pollution , it could cause temperature to raise, and the climate will change around the world. No one would know exactly what effects the world would have on our life. For many people the effects would probably be destructive.
66) There is nothing new about people cutting down trees.
67) In industrial countries, people are using more and more wood for paper, furniture and houses.
68) In many area, people depend on wood to cook their food.
69) The destruction of forests affects first the people who used to lived there.
70) But finally, the loss of forests may have an effect on the climate of our planet.
Part 4 Writing
71. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition Why did I stop Driving the Car?
You should write about 120 words following the Chinese outline given below. Please write your answers on